2010-: Fifth Generation – Artificial Intelligence. Computer devices with artificial intelligence are still in development, but some of these technologies are beginning to emerge and be used such as voice recognition. AI is a reality made possible by using parallel processing and superconductors. The difference between the third generation computers and the fourth generation computers are as follows: Third Generation They used integrated circuit (I.C) and large scale integration (LSI). They were smaller in size and called as mini computer. The operating speed was measured in nano seconds. While fourth-generation programming languages are designed to build specific programs, fifth-generation languages are designed to make the computer solve a given problem without the programmer. This way, the user only needs to worry about what problems need to be solved and what conditions need to be met, without worrying about how to implement.Informatics
Considering the technological advances in the area of informatics and computing, we could specify some dates and characteristics of what is called the fifth generation of computers, which extended from 1982 to 1989.
What is the fifth generation of computers?
During the twentieth century, technological advances included significant changes for the next generation of computers until today, being the rise of computers with artificial intelligence and functionality directed at a practical level where it covers the daily use and not only the industrial machinery, as well as the use of the new tool created, the Internet.
This generation of computers lives in an era in which most things are controlled by different types of machines. These computers are based on a very sophisticated artificial intelligence. Also, they use several CPUs to have a faster information handling speed.
- 4th generation of computers are acts as user define computers but 5th generation computers are act as automatic computers by means it doing its works automatically Is the iPod 5th generation out.
- The simple answer is 5th Gen computing is about developing AI - speech recognition, etc. It is developed using massively parallel computing. The difference between the 5th gen and it’s predecessor was fourth gen was designed using microprocessors.
Characteristics of the fifth generation of computers
- More speed and miniaturization of its elements.
- The possibility of connections with any type of network as with other devices, since they had input ports, which made possible the exit and input of information.
- Artificial intelligence allowed the development of a natural language, the ability to translate various languages quickly and efficiently, as well as word recognition generated from voice. This intelligence also allowed the effective resolution of mathematical procedures.
- The use of storage devices to protect the information generated by these computers, due to this new functionality feature, we begin to think about the union of various formats such as image with sound, the multimedia area begins to expand as well as the devices that support it.
- The use of microprocessors from the requirement of reduction to the size of the components like the union of several of these, that were interconnected creating multiprocessors. The portable computers or PCs were conceived, being these a miniaturization or simplification of the industrial computers.
- The development of reading by voice, a feature that allows the computer to be activated through words or simple phrases to respond to an activity or search.
- Integration of input and output circuits, such as floppy disks or flexible disks that allowed the effective storage of information.
Inventors of the fifth generation of computers
Von Neumann: During 1946, he builds the ideas that give rise to a starting point, which is used until now, where he focuses on information and data storage in the same device, which leads to memory, managing to move from ENIAC to a programmable device where the user can store information and programs.
Featured computers of the fifth generation of computers
The most outstanding computer of the fifth generation of computers was the PC or laptop, following the approach of not only producing machinery at an industrial level but also, a tool for daily use. It was generated and produced by the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), presenting a first proposal that revolutionizes everything known until now in the technology sector.
In search of format simplification, advances were made to Intel Pentium micro chippers, which were able to provide a speed of 60 and 66 MHz In addition, these could be able to make two instructions, which increased to 64 bits, and the increase in frequency to almost double what had been achieved so far.
Starting from the requirement of a storage tool, arises the floppy disk, which provided a support that backed up the information and that was removable to be used in other devices, creating in turn a unit designed for the use of these. This drive was called Floppy Disk Drive (FDD), which allowed these diskettes to be read.
It was possible to launch the first versions of an operating system, in this case Microsoft Windows(MS) in 1985, which competes at the same time with the launch of Apple, although these first systems lacked effectiveness when it came to its operation and were nothing more than a proposal, they allowed to give rise to the fact that later, in 1987, Windows launched Windows version 2.0 and 2.03 with improvements in the system, both in the user interface and in multitasking functions.
On the other hand, among the computers of the fifth generation are the machines in parallel PIM(Parallel Inference Machine). In 1987, the use of these microprocessors and a memory which expanded through the years in which the project was worked, from the PIM/p: 512 RISC microprocessors with 256 MB of memory to the PIM/k: 16 RISC microprocessors with 1 GB of memory.
Computers are such an integral part of our everyday life now most people take them and what they have added to life totally for granted.
Even more so the generation who have grown from infancy within the global desktop and laptop revolution since the 1980s.
The history of the computer goes back several decades however and there are five definable generations of computers.
Each generation is defined by a significant technological development that changes fundamentally how computers operate – leading to more compact, less expensive, but more powerful, efficient and robust machines.
1940 – 1956: First Generation – Vacuum Tubes
These early computers used vacuum tubes as circuitry and magnetic drums for memory. As a result they were enormous, literally taking up entire rooms and costing a fortune to run. These were inefficient materials which generated a lot of heat, sucked huge electricity and subsequently generated a lot of heat which caused ongoing breakdowns.
These first generation computers relied on ‘machine language’ (which is the most basic programming language that can be understood by computers). These computers were limited to solving one problem at a time. Input was based on punched cards and paper tape. Output came out on print-outs. The two notable machines of this era were the UNIVAC and ENIAC machines – the UNIVAC is the first every commercial computer which was purchased in 1951 by a business – the US Census Bureau.
1956 – 1963: Second Generation – Transistors
The replacement of vacuum tubes by transistors saw the advent of the second generation of computing. Although first invented in 1947, transistors weren’t used significantly in computers until the end of the 1950s. They were a big improvement over the vacuum tube, despite still subjecting computers to damaging levels of heat. However they were hugely superior to the vacuum tubes, making computers smaller, faster, cheaper and less heavy on electricity use. They still relied on punched card for input/printouts.
The language evolved from cryptic binary language to symbolic (‘assembly’) languages. This meant programmers could create instructions in words. About the same time high level programming languages were being developed (early versions of COBOL and FORTRAN). Transistor-driven machines were the first computers to store instructions into their memories – moving from magnetic drum to magnetic core ‘technology’. The early versions of these machines were developed for the atomic energy industry.
1964 – 1971: Third Generation – Integrated Circuits
By this phase, transistors were now being miniaturised and put on silicon chips (called semiconductors). This led to a massive increase in speed and efficiency of these machines. These were the first computers where users interacted using keyboards and monitors which interfaced with an operating system, a significant leap up from the punch cards and printouts. This enabled these machines to run several applications at once using a central program which functioned to monitor memory.
As a result of these advances which again made machines cheaper and smaller, a new mass market of users emerged during the ‘60s.
1972 – 2010: Fourth Generation – Microprocessors
This revolution can be summed in one word: Intel. The chip-maker developed the Intel 4004 chip in 1971, which positioned all computer components (CPU, memory, input/output controls) onto a single chip. What filled a room in the 1940s now fit in the palm of the hand. The Intel chip housed thousands of integrated circuits. The year 1981 saw the first ever computer (IBM) specifically designed for home use and 1984 saw the MacIntosh introduced by Apple. Microprocessors even moved beyond the realm of computers and into an increasing number of everyday products.
The increased power of these small computers meant they could be linked, creating networks. Which ultimately led to the development, birth and rapid evolution of the Internet. Other major advances during this period have been the Graphical user interface (GUI), the mouse and more recently the astounding advances in lap-top capability and hand-held devices.
2010- : Fifth Generation – Artificial Intelligence
Computer devices with artificial intelligence are still in development, but some of these technologies are beginning to emerge and be used such as voice recognition.
AI is a reality made possible by using parallel processing and superconductors. Leaning to the future, computers will be radically transformed again by quantum computation, molecular and nano technology. Cyberlink powerdvd 19 ultra download.
Difference Between 4th And 5th Generation Computer Images
The essence of fifth generation will be using these technologies to ultimately create machines which can process and respond to natural language, and have capability to learn and organise themselves.
5th Generation Computers Facts
• David Burns is Marketing and Communications Manager for Origin IT [email protected] www.originit.co.nz